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Home » Primary Years Programme

Primary Years Programme

Walking into the Primary Years Programme (PYP) building at KIS gives a sense of wonder, excitement and discovery. At KIS International School in Bangkok we follow the International Baccalaureate curriculum, which enables students to be inquisitive, caring, life-long learners.

Our purpose here in KIS Primary is to nurture your child to the best of our abilities, providing them with a strong academic programme but also the opportunity to develop their personal interests and talents as well as getting to know who they are as a learner. We emphasise the growth of the whole child, encompassing the academic, social, physical, emotional and cultural needs of all students. A very important part of our practice is reflection, students think about their learning, what went well, what they need to improve on, and with the teacher’s support, set appropriate learning goals for themselves.
At KIS our curriculum is developed within the framework of the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (IB-PYP)

The PYP structure

What is the PYP?

The PYP is an internationally recognised, research based curriculum framework designed for students from 3 to 12 years old. 

The PYP promotes learning through inquiry; by developing and asking questions structured around key concepts, students research answers, pose and solve problems and engage in meaningful learning experiences that promote the acquisition of knowledge. The PYP also supports the development of a wide range of skills as an essential part of the curriculum, empowering students to be effective life-long learners and succeed in a challenging world. Positive attitudes towards learning, the environment and the people around us are viewed as being essential to student success in an ever changing world. Taking action offers children the opportunity to apply their knowledge in the real world.

The central focus of all three IB programmes is the development of the individual learner.  As such, the IB Learner profile is of key importance. Children are consistently encourage to reflect on their growth within the ten profile elements which support them to develop as internationally minded and effective world citizens. 

risk takers, 
open minded, 



The PYP is a transdisciplinary programme and it is connected through core elements:

  • Subject Knowledge 
  • Key Concepts
  • Approaches to Learning 
  • Student Action

The PYP Key Concepts
The key concepts are central to the curriculum and are presented in the form of key questions. It is these questions that shape the unit of inquiry giving it direction and purpose. The concepts have been carefully developed to encourage students to develop further open ended questions and think more broadly and deeply as they develop their inquiries and understandings.
These concepts are:

  • Form - What is it?
  • Function - How does it work?
  • Causation - Why is it like it is?
  • Change - How is it changing?
  • Connection - How is it connected to other things?
  • Perspective - What are the points of view?
  • Responsibility - What is our responsibility?

Through exploring these concepts children are able to explore big ideas about the world, and develop their own questions in increasingly more cognitive ways

Learning in the primary school
The IB Approaches to Learning (ATL)
The ATL connect the PYP vertically to the MYP. They also connect through all the subject disciplines, and are important in supporting children to transfer learning from one area to another.  The ATL are a set of 5 skills which are unpacked into more specific sub skills: 

Self Management Skills
Organization: Managing Self, Time Management, Goal Setting
States of mind: Mindfulness, Perseverance, Emotional Management, Self Motivation, Resilience

Social Skills 
Intrapersonal; Self Control, Emotional Intelligence
Interpersonal; Respecting Others, Supporting Others, Social Intelligence, Resolving Conflict

Thinking Skills 
Critical thinking: Analysis, Evaluation, Forming Decisions
Creative thinking: Generating novel ideas, Considering new perspectives
Transfer: Application, Application in Multiple Contexts
Reflection: Reflection, Metacognition

Research Skills 
Information Literacy: Formulating & Planning, Gathering & Recording, Synthesizing & Interpreting, Evaluating & Communicating
Media Literacy: Consuming & Processing, Considering online perspectives, Creating 
Ethical Use: Ethical Use Reliability of sources

Communication Skills
Exchanging Information; Listening, Interpreting, Speaking
Literacy: Reading, Writing, 
ICT: Media Representation, Informed Choices
PYP Action
Student action is a core component of the programme. Students apply their knowledge to the real world and further develop their sense of commitment, demonstrating they have the power to affect change. Student action can manifest itself in many ways; 

  • Participation
  • Advocacy
  • Social Entrepreneurship
  • Social Justice
  • Lifestyle Choices

Action can be individual, group or class oriented and can take the form of small acts or larger group initiated activities. Our programme at KIS is designed to nurture students who are lifelong learners with the skills and attitudes to take self directed action for themselves and others.  Our early learners are invited to make choices within our play based environment, learning independence, confidence, responsibility and much more. In the primary grades we offer a range of student leadership opportunities, including Student Council, House Captaincy, Assembly Team, Tech Support Team, Ecobeast Environmental Action and Library Monitors. In addition students can suggest appropriate action projects to take place within the school.  


Grade 4 taking action